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Professor Daniel Freeman  PhD, DClinPsy, C.Psychol., FBPsS
MRC Senior Clinical Fellow
Professor of Clinical Psychology
Consultant Clinical Psychologist

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emailcontact this person
tel0207 848 5003
fax0207 848 5006
address

Institute of Psychiatry
Box  P077
De Crespigny Park
London
United Kingdom, SE5 8AF

location P1.18
Henry Wellcome Building
departmentsPsychology
Psychosis Studies
alsoPsychosis research

biography

***Please note that I have moved to the Department of Psychiatry at Oxford University.***

See new website:
http://www.psych.ox.ac.uk/research/researchunits/freeman


Daniel Freeman is Professor of Clinical Psychology, an MRC Senior Clinical Fellow, a British Psychological Society Fellow, and a consultant clinical psychologist now based at the Department of Psychiatry, Oxford University. In the early 1990’s he studied natural sciences at the University of Cambridge, and subsequently completed doctorates in psychology and clinical psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London. The focus of his clinical research is the psychological understanding and treatment of psychosis.

Professor Freeman is a leading expert on paranoia. He has recently described the new science of suspiciousness in Paranoia: The 21st Century Fear, and he is the lead author of the first self-help book on the topic, Overcoming Paranoid and Suspicious Thoughts. More information is available at www.paranoidthoughts.com

Two more general books have also been recently written. Extensive coverage of psychological issues is provided by ’Know Your Mind: Everyday Emotional and Psychological Problems and How to Overcome Them’, which presents in a single volume the very best evidence-based therapeutic advice. Endorsed by the British Psychological Society, it includes more than fifty entries on topics such as anxiety, depression, stress, sleep problems, anger, shyness, worry, bereavement, eating problems, pain, sexual problems and relationship difficulties. This year sees the publication of Use Your Head: The Inside Track On The Way We Think, an accessible guide to key topics in psychology, including personality, intelligence, memory, happiness, communication, attraction, motivation, reasoning, and sleep.

In 2008 Daniel Freeman was awarded the British Psychological Society’s May Davidson prize for his contribution to clinical psychology and in 2010 was electd a Fellow of the British Psychological Society. He is a member of the Psychosis Research Partnership (PRP) with Philippa Garety, Elizabeth Kuipers, David Fowler, Paul Bebbington, Suzanne Jolley and Graham Dunn.

activities and interests

Cognitive therapy.

Cognitive models of disorders

Clinical trials of psychological therapies

Psychological theory and treatment of psychosis, with a focus on delusional beliefs.

Psychological approaches to paranoid and suspicious thoughts

teaching activities

Workshops for clinicians on cognitive theories and treatments for psychosis.

publications

Books

Freeman, D. & Freeman, J. (2011). Use Your Head: A Guided Tour of the Human Mind. London: John Murray.

Freeman, D. & Freeman, J. (2010). Know Your Mind: The Complete Family Reference Guide to Emotional Health. New York: Sterling.

Freeman, D. & Freeman, J. (2008). Paranoia: The 21st Century Fear. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman, D., Bentall, R. & Garety, P. (Eds) (2008). Persecutory Delusions: Assessment, Theory and Treatment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman, D., Freeman, J., & Garety, P. (2006). Overcoming Paranoid and Suspicious Thoughts. Robinson Constable.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (2004). Paranoia: The Psychology of Persecutory Delusions. Hove: Psychology Press.


Book chapters

Freeman, D. (2009). Cognitive and social processes in psychosis: recent developments. In Advances in Schizophrenia Research 2009 (Eds. W.F. Gattaz & G. Busatto) pp 283-298. Springer.

Freeman, D. (2008). The assessment of persecutory ideation. In Persecutory Delusions (Eds. D.Freeman, R.Bentall & P.Garety). pp 23-52. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman, D., Garety, P. & Fowler, D. (2008). The puzzle of paranoia. In Persecutory Delusions (Eds. D.Freeman, R.Bentall & P.Garety). pp 121-142. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Garety, P., Bentall, R. & Freeman, D. (2008). The research evidence of the effectiveness of CBT for persecutory delusions: more work is needed. In Persecutory Delusions (Eds. D.Freeman, R.Bentall & P.Garety). pp 329-350. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P. (2008). Working with people with psychosis. In Clinical Psychology (Ed. G. Davey). Hodder Arnold.

Bebbington, P. Fowler, D., Garety, P., Freeman, D. & Kuipers, E. (2008). Theories of cognition, emotion and the social world: missing links in psychosis. In Society and Psychosis (Eds. C.Morgan, K.McKenzie, P.Fearon). pp 219-237. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Freeman, D., & Garety, P.A. (2006). Delusions. In Practitioners’ Guide to Evidence-Based Psychotherapy (Eds. J.E.Fisher & W.O’Donohue). New York: Springer Academic.

Fowler D., Freeman, D., Steel, C., Hardy, A., Smith B, Hackmann, C., Garety, P., Kuipers E. Bebbington, P. (2006). The catastrophic interaction hypothesis: How does stress, trauma, emotion and information processing abnormalities lead to psychosis? In Morrison, A. and Larkin, W. (eds) Trauma and Psychosis. John Wiley and Sons.

Smith, B., Steel, C., Rollinson, R., Freeman, D., Hardy, A., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Garety, P. & Fowler, D. (2006). The importance of traumatic events in formulation and intervention in cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis: three case examples. In Morrison, A. and Larkin, W. (eds) Trauma and Psychosis. John Wiley and Sons.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (2002). Cognitive therapy for an individual with a long-standing persecutory delusion: incorporating emotional processes into a multi-factorial perspective on delusional beliefs. In A Casebook of Cognitive Therapy for Psychosis (Ed. T. Morrison). pp 173-196. Hove: Brunner-Routledge.


Academic journal articles

Freeman, D., McManus, S., Brugha, T., Meltzer, H., Jenkins, R., & Bebbington, P. (in press). Concomitants of paranoia in the general population. Psychological Medicine.

Myers, E., Startup, H., & Freeman, D. (in press). Cognitive behavioural treatment of insomnia in individuals with persistent persecutory delusions. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.

Jacobson, P., Freeman, D., & Salkovskis, P. (in press). Reasoning bias and belief conviction in obsessive-compulsive disorder and delusions: Jumping to conclusions across disorders? British Journal of Clinical Psychology.

Hepworth, C., Startup, H. & Freeman, D. (in press). Developing treatments for persistent persecutory delusions: the impact of an emotional processing and metacognitive awareness (EPMA) intervention. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.

Fowler, D., Hodgekins, J., Garety, P., Freeman, D. Kuipers, E., Dunn, G., Smith, B., Bebbington, P. (in press). Negative cognition, depressed mood and paranoia: A longitudinal pathway analysis using structural equation modelling. Schizophrenia Bulletin.

Green, C., Freeman, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Fowler, D., Dunn, G., & Garety, P. (2011). Paranoid explanations of experience. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 39, 21-34.

Freeman, D., Brugha, T., Meltzer, H., Jenkins, R., Stahl, D., & Bebbington, P. (2010). Persecutory ideation and insomnia: findings from the second British National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity. Journal of Psychiatric Research,44, 1021-1026.

Freeman, D., Pugh, K., Vorontsova, N., Antley, A. & Slater, M. (2010). Testing the continuum of delusional beliefs: an experimental study using virtual reality. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 83–92.

Foster, C., Startup, H., Potts, L. & Freeman, D. (2010). A randomised controlled trial of a worry intervention for individuals with persistent persecutory delusions. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 41, 45-51.

Stinson, K., Valmaggia, L,, Antley, A., Slater, M. & Freeman, D. (2010). Cognitive triggers of auditory hallucinations: an experimental investigation. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 41, 179–184.

Ross, K., Freeman, D., Dunn, G., & Garety, P. (in press). Can jumping to conclusions be reduced in people with delusions? An experimental investigation of a brief reasoning training module. Schizophrenia Bulletin.

Onwumere, J., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Freeman, D., Fowler, D. & Garety, P. (2010). The need for closure in caregivers of people with psychosis. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 19, 159-167.

Freeman, D., Pugh, K., Vorontsova, N. & Southgate, L. (2009). Insomnia and paranoia. Schizophrenia Research, 108, 280-284.

Freeman, D. & Fowler, D. (2009). Routes to psychotic symptoms: trauma, anxiety and psychosis-like experiences. Psychiatry Research, 169, 107-112.

Freeman, D. & Freeman, J. (2009). Is paranoia increasing? The Psychologist, 22, 582-585.

Bassett, M., Sperlinger, D., & Freeman, D. (2009). Fear of madness and persecutory delusions. Psychosis, 1, 39-50.

Onwumere, J., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Freeman, D., Fowler, D., & Garety, P. (2009). Patient perceptions of caregiver criticism in psychosis: links with patient and caregiver functioning. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197, 85-91.

Onwumere, J., Kuipers, E., Gamble, C., Jolley, S., Smith, B., Rollinson, R., Steel., C., Fowler, D., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Freeman, D., & Garety, P. (2009). Family interventions in psychosis: a scale to measure therapist adherence. Journal of Family Therapy, 31, 270-283.

Grice, S.J., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., & Garety, P. (2009). Carer’s attributions about positive events in psychosis relate to expressed emotion. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47, 783-789.

Freeman, D. (2008). Studying and treating schizophrenia using virtual reality (vr): a new paradigm. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34, 605-610

Freeman, D. (2008). Cognitive therapy for paranoid and suspicious thoughts. Geriatric Medicine, 38, 28-32.

Freeman, D., Gittins, M., Pugh, K., Antley, A., Slater, M., & Dunn, G. (2008). What makes one person paranoid and another person anxious? The differential prediction of social anxiety and persecutory ideation in an experimental situation. Psychological Medicine, 38, 1121-1132.

Freeman, D., Pugh, K., Antley, A., Slater, M., Bebbington, P., Gittins, M., Dunn, G., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., & Garety, P. A (2008). A virtual reality study of paranoid thinking in the general population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 192, 258-263.

Freeman, D., Pugh, K. & Garety, P. (2008). Jumping to conclusions and paranoid ideation in the general population. Schizophrenia Research, 102, 254-260.

Garety, P. Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., & Kuipers, E. (2008). A randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy and family intervention for the prevention of relapse and reduction of symptoms in psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 192, 412-423.

Fornells-Ambrojo, M., Barker, C., Swapp, D., Slater, M., Antley, A. & Freeman, D. (2008). Virtual reality and persecutory delusions: safety and feasibility. Schizophrenia Research, 104, 228-236

Startup, H., Freeman, D., & Garety, P. (2008). Jumping to conclusions and persecutory delusions. European Psychiatry, 23, 457-459.

So, S., Freeman, D., Garety, P. (2008). A test of the impact of state anxiety on the jumping to conclusions delusion bias. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 879-886.

Ellett, L., Freeman, D., & Garety, P.A. (2008). The psychological effect of an urban environment on individuals with persecutory delusions: The Camberwell walk study. Schizophrenia Research, 99, 77-84.

Green, C., Freeman, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Fowler, D., Dunn, G., & Garety, P.A. (2008). Measuring ideas of persecution and reference: the Green et al Paranoid Thought Scales (G-PTS). Psychological Medicine, 38, 101-111.

Fialko, L., Garety, P., Kuipers, E., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P., Fowler, D., & Freeman, D. (2008). A large-scale validation study of the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS). Schizophrenia Research, 100, 53-59.

Rollinson, R., Smith, B., Steel, S., Jolley, S., Onwumere, J., Freeman, D., Garety, P.A., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P.E., Dunn, G., Startup, M., & Fowler, D. (2008). Measuring Adherence and Competence in CBT for Psychosis: A psychometric analysis of an adherence scale. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 163-178.

Onwumere, J., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Watson, P. and Garety, P. (2008). Care-giving and illness beliefs in the course of psychotic illness. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53, 460-468.

Freeman, D. (2007). Suspicious Minds: the psychology of persecutory delusions. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 425-457.

Freeman, D., Pugh, K., Green, C., Valmaggia, L., Dunn, G., & Garety, P. (2007). A measure of state persecutory ideation for experimental studies. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195, 781-784.

Freeman, D., Garety, P., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Bebbington, P.E., & Dunn, G. (2007). Acting on persecutory delusions: the importance of safety seeking. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 89-99.

Allen, P., Freeman, D., & McGuire, P. (2007). Slow habituation of arousal associated with psychosis proneness. Psychological Medicine. 37, 577-582.

Valmaggia, L., Freeman, D., Green, C., Garety, P., Swapp, D., Antley, A., Prescott, C., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P. Slater, M., Broome, M., & McGuire, P. (2007). Virtual reality and paranoid ideations in people with an ‘at risk mental state’ for psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191 (s51), s63-68.

Gracie, A., Freeman, D., Green, S., Garety, P.A., Kuipers, E., Hardy, A., Ray, K., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P., & Fowler, D. (2007). The association between traumatic experience, paranoia and hallucinations: a test of the predictions of psychological models. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116, 280-289.

Startup, H., Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (2007). Persecutory Delusions and Catastrophic Worry in Psychosis: Developing the Understanding of Delusion Distress and Persistence. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 523-537.

Garety, P.A., Bebbington, P., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., & Kuipers, E. (2007). Implications for neurobiological research of cognitive models of psychosis. Psychological Medicine, 37, 1377-1391.

Steel, C., Garety, P., Freeman, D., Craig, E., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Fowler, D., & Dunn, G. (2007). The measurement of the positive symptoms of psychosis. International Journal of Psychiatric Research Methods, 16, 88-96.

Rollinson, R., Haig, C., Warner, R., Garety, P., Kuipers, E., Freeman, D., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., & Fowler, D. (2007). The application of cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychosis in clinical and research settings. Psychiatric Services, 58, 1297-1302.

Kuipers, E., Watson, P., Onwumere, J., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Weinman, J., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Hardy, A., Garety, P. (2007). Discrepant illness perceptions, affect and Expressed Emotion in people with psychosis and their carers. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42, 277-283.

Freeman, D. (2006). Delusions in the non-clinical population. Current Psychiatry Reports, 8, 191-204.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (2006). Helping patients with paranoid and suspicious thoughts: the cognitive-behavioural approach. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 12, 404-415.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A., Kuipers, E., Colbert, S., Jolley, S., Fowler, D., Dunn, G., & Bebbington, P.E. (2006). Delusions and decision-making style: use of the Need for Closure Scale. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1147-1158.

Allen, P., Freeman, D., Johns, L., & McGuire, P. (2006). Misattribution of self-generated speech in relation to hallucinatory proneness and delusional ideation in healthy volunteers. Schizophrenia Research, 84, 281-288.

Fialko, L., Freeman, D., Bebbington, P.E., Kuipers, E., Garety, P.A., Dunn, G., & Fowler, D. (2006). Understanding suicidal ideation in psychosis: findings from the Psychological Prevention of Relapse in Psychosis (PRP) Trial. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 114, 177-186.

Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Smith, B., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Bashforth, H., Coker, S., Gracie, A., Dunn, G., & Garety, P. (2006). The Brief Core Schema Scales (BCSS): Psychometric properties and associations with paranoia and grandiosity in non-clinical and psychosis samples. Psychological Medicine, 36, 749-759.

Smith, B., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Bebbington, P., Bashforth, H., Garety, P., Kuipers, E., & Dunn, G. (2006). Emotion and psychosis: direct links between schematic beliefs, emotion and delusions and hallucinations. Schizophrenia Research, 86, 181-188.

Jolley, S., Garety, P.A., Ellett, L., Kuipers, E., Freeman, D., Bebbington, P.E., Fowler, D.G., & Dunn, G. (2006). A validation of a new measure of activity in psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 85, 288-295.

Kuipers, E., Garety, P., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Dunn, G., & Bebbington, P. (2006). Cognitive, emotional and social processes in psychosis: refining cognitive behavioural therapy for persistent positive symptoms. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 32, s24-31.

Jolley, S., Garety, P.A., Bebbington, P.E., Dunn, G., Freeman, D., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., & Hemsley, D. (2006). Attributional style in psychosis – the role of affect and belief type. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 1597-1607.

Chisholm, B., Freeman, D., & Cooke, A. (2006). Identifying potential predictors of PTSD reactions to psychotic episodes. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 545-559.

Green, C., Garety, P.A., Freeman, D., Fowler, D., Bebbington, P.E., Dunn, G., & Kuipers, E. (2006). Phenomenology and affect in Persecutory Delusions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45, 561-577.

Watson, P.W.B., Garety, P.A., Weinman, J., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P.E., Fowler, D., Freeman, D. & Kuipers, E. (2006). Emotional dysfunction in schizophrenia spectrum psychosis: the role of illness perceptions. Psychological Medicine, 36, 761-770.

Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Watson, P., Hardy, A., & Garety, P. (2006). The influence of carer expressed emotion and affect on relapse in non-affective psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 173-179.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A., Bebbington, P.E., Smith, B., Rollinson, R., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Ray, K., & Dunn, G., (2005). Psychological investigation of the structure of paranoia in a non-clinical population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 186, 427-435.

Freeman, D., Dunn, G., Garety, P.A., Bebbington, P., Slater, M., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Green, C., Jordan, J., & Ray, K., (2005). The psychology of persecutory ideation I: A questionnaire study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease,193, 302-308.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A., Bebbington, P., Slater, M., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Green, C., Jordan, J., & Ray, K & Dunn, G., (2005). The psychology of persecutory ideation II: A virtual reality experimental study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 193, 309-315.

Smith, N., Freeman, D., & Kuipers, E., (2005). Grandiose delusions: an experimental investigation of the delusion-as-defence hypothesis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 193, 480-487.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A., McGuire, P. & Kuipers, E., (2005). Developing a theoretical understanding of therapy techniques: Reasoning, Therapy and Symptoms. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 241-254

Hardy, A., Fowler, D., Freeman, D., Smith, B., Steel, C., Evans, J., Garety, P.A., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P.E., & Dunn, G., (2005). Trauma and Hallucinatory experience in Psychosis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 193, 501-507.

Garety, P.A., Freeman, D., Jolley, S., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P.E., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E. & Dudley, R., (2005). Reasoning, Emotions and Delusional Conviction in Psychosis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 373-384.

Allen, P., Freeman, D., McGuire, P., Garety, P., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Bebbington. P., Dunn, G., Green, C., & Ray, K. (2005). The prediction of hallucinatory predisposition in non-clinical individuals: examining the contribution of emotion and reasoning. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 127-132.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A. Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Bebbington, P., Dunn, G. (2004). Why do people with delusions fail to choose more realistic explanations for their experiences? An empirical investigation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 671-680.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (2004). Bats amongst birds: the psychology of persecutory delusions. The Psychologist, 17, 642-645.

Freeman, D., Slater, M., Bebbington, P.E., Garety, P.A., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Met, A., Read, C., Jordan, J., & Vinayagamoorthy, V. (2003). Can virtual reality be used to investigate persecutory ideation? The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 191, 509-514.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (2003). Connecting neurosis and psychosis: the direct influence of emotion on delusions and hallucinations. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 923-947.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., & Bebbington, P.E. (2002). A cognitive model of persecutory delusions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41, 331-347.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A., & Kuipers, E. (2001). Persecutory delusions: developing the understanding of belief maintenance and emotional distress. Psychological Medicine, 31, 1293-1306.

Garety, P.A., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Freeman, D. & Bebbington, P.E. (2001). A cognitive model of the positive symptoms of psychosis. Psychological Medicine, 31, 189-195.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (2000). Comments on the content of persecutory delusions: Does the definition need clarification? British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39, 407-414.

Freeman, D., Garety, P.A. & Phillips, M.L. (2000). An examination of hypervigilance for external threat in individuals with generalised anxiety disorder and individuals with persecutory delusions using visual scan paths. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 53A, 549-567.

Freeman, D. & Garety, P.A. (1999). Worry, worry processes and dimensions of delusions: an exploratory investigation of a role for anxiety processes in the maintenance of delusional distress. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 27, 47-62.

Garety, P.A. & Freeman, D. (1999). Cognitive approaches to delusions: a critical review of theories and evidence. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38, 113-154.

Freeman, D., Garety, P., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P. & Hadley, C. (1998). The London-East Anglia randomised controlled trial of cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis IV: self-esteem & persecutory delusions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 37, 415-430.

Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., Garety, P.A., Chisholm, D., Freeman, D., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P.E. & Hadley, C. (1998). The London-East Anglia Randomised Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Psychosis III: Follow-up and economic evaluation at 18 months. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 173, 61-68.

Garety, P.A., Fowler, D., Kuipers, E., Freeman, D., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P.E., Hadley, C. & Jones, S. (1997). The London-East Anglia Randomised Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Psychosis II: Predictors of outcome. British Journal Of Psychiatry, 171, 420-426.

Kuipers, E., Garety, P.A., Fowler, D., Dunn, G., Bebbington, P.E., Freeman, D. & Hadley, C. (1997). The London-East Anglia Randomised Controlled Trial of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Psychosis I: effects of the treatment phase. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 319-327.

last updated: Saturday, February 05, 2011