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Professor Anke Ehlers  Dipl.-Psych., Ph.D., Dr. rer. nat. habil., ML, FBA
Professor of Experimental Psychopathology
Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow
Research Director, Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, Maudsley Hospital

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Institute of Psychiatry
Box  P077
De Crespigny Park
United Kingdom, SE5 8AF

location 3.04
Henry Wellcome Building


Anke Ehlers trained as a clinical psychologist in Germany and the United States. She obtained her Diplom-Psychologin degree and her Ph.D. in psychology (1985) from the University of Tübingen, Germany, and a post-doctoral degree in clinical psychology and psychophysiology (Habilitation, 1990) from the University of Marburg, Germany. Her previous posts include Research Scholar at Stanford University, CA, USA (1983-1985), Assistant Professor at the Department of Psychology, University of Marburg (1985-1991), Professor of Clinical Psychology at the Department of Psychology, University of Göttingen, Germany (1991-1993), and Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow at the Oxford University Department of Psychiatry, UK (1993-2000). She was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, USA (2004-2005). She is a Fellow of the “Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina” (German Academy of Scientists, 2004), Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science (2009), and Fellow of the British Academy (2010). She was co-chair of the Guideline Development Group for the NICE Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Guidelines published in March 2005.

activities and interests

Anke Ehlers’s research focuses on anxiety disorders, in particular panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social phobia. Further research interests include psychological factors in cardiovascular and dermatological disorders.


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Brewin, C.R., Scragg, P., Robertson, M., Thompson, M., d’Ardenne, P., & Ehlers, A. (2008). Promoting mental health following the London bombings: A screen and treat approach. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 21, 3-8.

Ehlers, A., & Clark, D.M. (2000). A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 38, 319-345.

Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Hackmann, A., Grey, N., Wild, J., Liness, S., Manley, J., Waddington, L., & McManus, F. (2010). Intensive Cognitive Therapy for PTSD: A feasibility study. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 38, 383-398.

Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Hackmann, A., McManus, F., & Fennell, M. (2005). Cognitive therapy for PTSD: development and evaluation. Behaviour Research and Therapy., 43, 413-431.

Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., Hackmann, A., McManus F., Fennell, M., Herbert, C. & Mayou, R. (2003). A randomized controlled trial of cognitive therapy, self-help booklet, and repeated assessment as early interventions for PTSD. Archives of General Psychiatry. 60, 1024 –1032. Additional information.

Ehlers, A., Hackmann, A. & Michael, T. (2004). Intrusive reexperiencing in posttraumatic stress disorder: Phenomenology, theory, and therapy. Memory, 12, 403-415.

Ehlers, A., Maercker, A. & Boos, A. (2000). PTSD following political imprisonment: The role of mental defeat, alienation, and permanent change. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 45-55.

Ehlers, A., Mayou, R.A., & Bryant, B. (1998). Psychological predictors of chronic PTSD after motor vehicle accidents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107, 508-519.

Ehlers, A., Michael, T., Chen, Y. P., Payne, E., & Shan, S. (2006). Enhanced perceptual priming for neutral stimuli in a traumatic context: A pathway to intrusive memories? Memory, 14, 316-328.

Ehlers, A. & Steil, R. (1995). Maintenance of intrusive memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A cognitive approach. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23, 217-249.

Ehring, T., Ehlers, A., & Glucksman, E. (2008). Do cognitive models help in predicting the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder, phobia and depression after motor vehicle accidents? A prospective longitudinal study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 219-230.

Ehring, T., Kleim, B., Clark, D.M., Foa, E.B., & Ehlers, A. (2007). Screening for post-traumatic stress disorder: What combination of symptoms predicts best? Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195, 1004-1012. Supplemental material.

Halligan, S. L., Michael, T., Clark, D.M., & Ehlers (2003). Posttraumatic stress disorder following assault: the role of cognitive processing, trauma memory, and appraisals. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 419-431.

Kleim, B. & Ehlers, A. (2008). Reduced autobiographical memory specificity predicts depression and posttraumatic stress disorder after recent trauma. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 231-242.

Kleim, B., Ehlers, A., & Glucksman, E. (2007). Prediction of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder after assault. Psychological Medicine, 37, 1457-1468.

Kleim, B., Wallott, F., & Ehlers, A. (2008). Are trauma memories disjointed from other autobiographical memories in PTSD? An experimental investigation. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 221-234.

Sünderrmann, O., Ehlers, A., Böllinghaus, I., Gamer, M., & Glucksman, E. (2010). Early heart rate responses to standardized trauma-related pictures predict posttraumatic stress disorder – a prospective study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72, 302-310.

Social phobia

Chen, Y.P., Ehlers, A., Clark, D.M., & Mansell, W. (2002). Patients with generalized social phobia direct their attention away from faces. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40, 677-687.

Clark, D.M., Ehlers, A., McManus, F., Hackmann, A., Fennell, M.J.V., Campbell, H., Flower, T., Davenport, C., & Louis, B. (2003). Cognitive therapy vs fluoxetine plus self-exposure in the treatment of generalized social phobia (social anxiety disorder): a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 71, 1058-1068.

Hofmann, S., Newman, M., Ehlers, A. & Roth, W.T. (1995). Psychophysiological differences between social phobia with and without avoidant personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 224-231.

Panic disorder

Ehlers, A. (1993). Interoception and panic disorder. Advances of Behaviour Research and Therapy, 15, 3-21.

Ehlers, A. (1993). Somatic symptoms and panic attacks: A retrospective study of learning experiences. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 269-278.

Ehlers, A. (1995). A one-year prospective study of panic attacks. Clinical course and factors associated with maintenance. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 164-172.

Ehlers, A. & Breuer, P. (1992). Increased cardiac awareness in panic disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101, 371-382.

Ehlers, A., Margraf, J., Roth, W.T., Taylor, C.B. & Birbaumer, N. (1988). Anxiety induced by false heart rate feedback in patients with panic disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 26, 1-11.

Atopic dermatitis

Ehlers, A., Stangier, U., & Gieler, U. (1995). Treatment of atopic dermatitis. A comparison of psychological and dermatological approaches to relapse prevention. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 624-635.

Ehlers, A., Osen, A., Wenninger, K. & Gieler, U. (1994). Atopic dermatitis and stress: The possible role of negative communication with significant others. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 1, 107-121.

Stangier, U., Ehlers, A., & Gieler, U. (2004). Predicting long-term outcome in group treatment of atopic dermatitis. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 73, 293-301.

last updated: Friday, January 07, 2011