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Dr Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks  MD MA MRCPsych
Honorary Lecturer
Senior Affiliate, Households in Conflict Network (HiCN).

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departmentsHealth Service and Population Research


Dr. Hicks is a cross-cultural psychiatrist with a background in medical anthropology. Her research interests focus on sociocultural and epidemiological aspects of war, domestic violence, depression, suicidality, and help-seeking.
An American, Dr. Hicks trained as an undergraduate at the University of Louisville, USA (BA, Biology) and then on a scholarship at the University of Oxford, England (BA, MA, Zoology). After completing her medical training (MD, University of Louisville School of Medicine, USA), she did a medical internship and psychiatric residency at Brown University, USA. She became a Research Fellow in Clinically Relevant Medical and Psychiatric Anthropology, Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, followed by academic positions as Instructor and then Lecturer in the department before moving to the U.K. in 1997. After relocating to the U.K., Dr. Hicks worked as a CMHT Consultant Psychiatrist for nearly five years. She has spoken at the Home Office on psychiatric aspects of murder and mercy killing for the Law Commission’s review of the Homicide Act. She contributed to the Royal College of Psychiatrists’ position statement on physician-assisted suicide and has spoken on physician-assisted suicide at the House of Lords. Dr. Hicks has advised on domestic violence guidelines for WHO and for the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Her research combines public health, anthropological, and human rights perspectives to address the effects of armed conflict on civilians and soldiers.


Bhui K, Hicks MH, Lashley M, Jones E. (2012) A public health approach to understanding and preventing violent radicalisation. BMC Medicine 10:16. At:

Hicks MH, Dardagan H, Bagnall PM, Spagat M, Sloboda JA. (2012) Suicide bombing: how to prevent death in civilians? - Authors’ reply. Lancet 379(9811): e9. At:

Hicks MH, Lee UR, Sundberg R, Spagat M. (2011) Global comparison of warring groups in 2002-2007: fatalities from targeting civilians vs. fighting battles. PLoS ONE 6(9): e23976. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0023976. Freely available at:

Hicks MH, Dardagan H, Bagnall PM, Spagat M, Sloboda JA. (2011) Casualties in civilians and coalition soldiers from suicide bombings in Iraq, 2003—10: a descriptive study. In The Lancet’s special issue marking the tenth anniversary of 9/11. Lancet 378: 906-914. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61023-4. Freely available at:

Hicks MH. (2011) Mental health screening and coordination of care for soldiers deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. American Journal of Psychiatry 168(4): 341-343. doi 10.1176/appi.ajp.2011.11010074.

Hicks, MH. (2011) “What are you?” A recurring question in a cross-cultural psychiatrist’s life and career. Transcultural Psychiatry 48: 37-52. doi 10.1177/1363461510383178.

Hicks MH, Dardagan H, Guerrero Serdán G, Bagnall PM, Sloboda JA, Spagat M. (2011) Violent deaths of Iraqi civilians, 2003-2008: analysis by perpetrator, weapon, time, and location. PLoS Medicine 8(2): e1000415. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000415. This article is freely accessible at

Li Z, Hicks MH. (2010) The CES-D in Chinese American women: construct validity, diagnostic validity for major depression, and cultural response bias. Psychiatry Research, 175: 227-232.

Hicks MH, Dardagan H, Guerrero Serdán G, Bagnall PM, Sloboda JA, Spagat M. (2009) ’The Weapons That Kill Civilians — Deaths of Children and Noncombatants in Iraq, 2003-2008’. New England Journal of Medicine, 360(16): 1585-1588. This article is freely accessible at

Cameron E, Spagat M, Hicks MH. (2009) Tracking Civilian Casualties in Combat Zones using Civilian Battle Damage Assessment Ratios. British Army Review, 147: 87-93.

Hicks MH, Spagat M. (2008) ’The Dirty War Index: A public health and human rights tool for examining and monitoring armed conflict outcomes’. PLoS Medicine, 5(12): e243, doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050243. This article is freely accessible at

Rubio-Stipec M, Canino I, Hicks MH & Tsuang M. (2008) ‘Ethnic, Cultural, & Socioeconomic Factors Influencing the Selection, Use and Interpretation of Measures’. In Handbook of Psychiatric Measures, 2nd Edition. Rush AJ, First MB & Blacker D (Eds). American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.: Washington DC. pp 23-32.

Hicks MH. (2007) Mortality in Iraq. Lancet, 369: 101-102.

Hicks MH. (2006) ’Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: Were valid and ethical field methods used in this survey?’ This working paper is posted as HiCN Research Design Note 3 on the Conflict Research Design Platform page of the Households in Conflict Network website:

Hicks MH. (2006) ’The prevalence and characteristics of intimate partner violence in a community study of Chinese American women’. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(10):1249-1269.

Hicks MH. (2006) ’Physician-assisted suicide: a review of the literature concerning practical and clinical implications for UK doctors’. BMC Family Practice, 7 (1):39 (39 is the article number of this web-based journal). This article is freely accessible at

Bhugra D & Hicks MH. (2004) ’An educational pamphlet changes help-seeking attitudes for depression and suicidality in South Asian women’. Psychiatric Services, 55(7):827-829.

Hicks MH & Li A. (2003) ’Partner violence and major depression in women: a community study of Chinese Americans’. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 191(11):722-729.

Hicks MH & Bhugra D. (2003) ’Perceived causes of suicide attempts by UK South Asian women’. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 73(4):455-462.

Hicks MH. (2002) ’Validity of the CIDI Probe Flow Chart for depression in Chinese American women’. Transcultural Psychiatry, 29(4):434-451.

Bhugra D, Hicks MH. (2000) ’Deliberate Self-Harm in Asian Women: an intervention study’. Report to the Department of Health.

Hicks MH & Lam MS. (1999) ’Decision-making within the social course of dementia: accounts by Chinese American Caregivers’. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 23(4):415-452.

Hicks MH, Kleinman A, Yang L. (1998) ’The social course of schizophrenia: local and societal factors’. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 14(7):432-447.

last updated: Tuesday, February 14, 2012